Site of ancient Djerty (Graeco-Roman Tuphium), is 20 km southwest of Luxor and is on the east bank of the Nile. It is known to have had a small mud-brick temple in the 5th dynasty and also had a local cult of the god Montu from Middle Kingdom times.

 

Tod Treasure was discovered in 1936 by a French team led by Fernand Bisson de la Roque beneath a 5th-century AD mud-brick church, excavators came upon a temple of Senusret I. Here, in the stone foundations, had been concealed the 'Tod Treasure'.

 

Major building activity, in association with this cult, was completed by Mentuhotep I (Tepy-a 'the ancestor') and Senusret I (Kheperkara c.1956-1911 BC), although their temples are now mostly destroyed.

 

There was also, as early as the reign of Userkaf (c.2494 - 2487 BC) in the 5th dynasty, a small chapel here - blocks from this and later structures may be seen in a small open display of artefacts at the site.

 

The surviving monuments of Tod are of New Kingdom and later date. A partially preserved barque shrine of Montu built by Thutmose III (Men-kheper-Re) and restored by Amenhotep II (Aakheperu-Re), Sety I (Men-Maat-Re c.1294 - 1279 BC), Amenmesse (Menmira c.1203 - 1200 BC), Ramesses III (User-Maat-ra Mery-Amun c.1184-1153 BC) and Rameses IV (Heqamaatra Setepenamun) stands before a small temple constructed in the Ptolemaic and Roman periods. This is the main temple still standing at Tod and was begun by Ptolemy VIII Euergetes II (c.145 - 116 BC) and consists of a columned court and hall with various chambers, including a hidden treasury room above the chapel on the south side of the hall.

 

The temple was built in front of and connecting with Senusret I's earlier structure - only the front wall of which now survives, though this has good examples of later usurpation and re-workings. A Roman kiosk was located near the Ptolemaic temple.